# [ncl-talk] Issue using reshape function

Mary Haley haley at ucar.edu
Fri Jan 25 08:52:33 MST 2019

```Hi Anne,

The short answer is that

t2m_test2(4,0,0) and t2m_reshape(4,0,0,0)

are not the same element. What are the same elements are:

t2m_test2(40,0,0) and t2m_reshape(4,0,0,0)

The simpler way to think about it is to ignore the rightmost two dimensions
of both arrays, since they are the same, and instead focus on the leftmost
dimension of t2m_test2 and the leftmost two dimensions of t2m_reshape.

Here's a column of the leftmost index of t2m_test2, and how it maps into
the leftmost 2 indexes of t2m_reshape:

t2m_test2         t2m_reshape
( 0)        -->     (0,0)
( 1)        -->     (0,1)
. . .
( 9)        -->     (0,9)
(10)        -->     (1,0)      ; Note the shift here
(11)        -->     (1,1)
(12)        -->     (1,2)
. . .
(20)        -->     (2,0)      ; Note the shift here
(21)        -->     (2,1)
. . .
(39)        -->     (3,9)
(40)        -->     (4,0)      ; Again, the shift
. . .

Here's how to look at it if you fill in some dimensions on the right:

t2m_test2         t2m_reshape
( 0,0,0)   -->     (0,0,0,0)
( 1,0,0)   -->     (0,1,0,0)
. . .
( 9,0,0)   -->     (0,9,0,0)
(10,0,0)   -->     (1,0,0,0)
(11,0,0)   -->     (1,1,0,0)
(12,0,0)   -->     (1,2,0,0)
. . .
(20,0,0)   -->     (2,0,0,0)
(21,0,0)   -->     (2,1,0,0)
. . .
(39,0,0)   -->     (3,9,0,0)
(40,0,0)   -->     (4,0,0,0)
. . .

You can verify this with a simple program:

dims_3d = (/60,18,360/)
dims_4d = (/6,10,18,360/)

t2m_test2 = random_uniform(0.,10.,dims_3d)
t2m_reshape = reshape(t2m_test2,dims_4d)

print("t2m_test2d (3d)    t2m_reshape (4d)")
print("( 0,0,0)  " + t2m_test2( 0,0,0) + "   --> (0,0,0,0) " +
t2m_reshape(0,0,0,0))
print("( 1,0,0)  " + t2m_test2( 1,0,0) + "   --> (0,1,0,0) " +
t2m_reshape(0,1,0,0))
print("( 4,0,0)  " + t2m_test2( 4,0,0) + "   --> (0,4,0,0) " +
t2m_reshape(0,4,0,0))
print("( 9,0,0)  " + t2m_test2( 9,0,0) + "   --> (0,9,0,0) " +
t2m_reshape(0,9,0,0))
print("(10,0,0)  " + t2m_test2(10,0,0) + "   --> (1,0,0,0) " +
t2m_reshape(1,0,0,0))
print("(11,0,0)  " + t2m_test2(11,0,0) + "   --> (1,1,0,0) " +
t2m_reshape(1,1,0,0))
print("(12,0,0)  " + t2m_test2(12,0,0) + "   --> (1,2,0,0) " +
t2m_reshape(1,2,0,0))
print("(20,0,0)  " + t2m_test2(20,0,0) + "   --> (2,0,0,0) " +
t2m_reshape(2,0,0,0))
print("(21,0,0)  " + t2m_test2(21,0,0) + "   --> (2,1,0,0) " +
t2m_reshape(2,1,0,0))
print("(39,0,0)  " + t2m_test2(39,0,0) + "   --> (3,9,0,0) " +
t2m_reshape(3,9,0,0))
print("(40,0,0)  " + t2m_test2(40,0,0) + "   --> (4,0,0,0) " +
t2m_reshape(4,0,0,0))

Output:

( 0,0,0)  3.23711   --> (0,0,0,0) 3.23711
( 1,0,0)  1.44937   --> (0,1,0,0) 1.44937
( 4,0,0)  1.50282   --> (0,4,0,0) 1.50282
( 9,0,0)  1.38478   --> (0,9,0,0) 1.38478
(10,0,0)  5.53886   --> (1,0,0,0) 5.53886
(11,0,0)  4.32108   --> (1,1,0,0) 4.32108
(12,0,0)  3.80684   --> (1,2,0,0) 3.80684
(20,0,0)  3.36136   --> (2,0,0,0) 3.36136
(21,0,0)  4.84756   --> (2,1,0,0) 4.84756
(39,0,0)  1.74234   --> (3,9,0,0) 1.74234
(40,0,0)  1.17584   --> (4,0,0,0) 1.17584

Hope this helps!

--Mary

On Thu, Jan 24, 2019 at 5:57 AM Anne <anne.seidenglanz at unive.it> wrote:

> Hello everyone,
>
> I am trying to use 'reshape' to convert a 60 x 180 x 360 matrix to a 6 x
> 10 x 18 x 360 matrix in the following way:
>
>
>           dir_s
> ="/work/as10017/CESM/archive/Ensemble_means/yearly_means_h0/1993/"
>           fil_s = systemfunc("ls "+dir_s+"/sps_199311_*_
> icef.cam.h0.6mth_grid.surface.nc")
>           f_s = addfiles(fil_s,"r")
>          t2m_test2 = f_s[:]->TREFHT
>
>         printVarSummary(t2m_test2)
>         t2m_reshape = reshape(t2m_test2,(/6,10,180,360/))
>         copy_VarCoords(t2m_test2(0,:,:), t2m_reshape(0,0,:,:))
>         printVarSummary(t2m_reshape)
>
>
> I am getting the 1st dimension of my 60 x 180 x 360  array by using a
> wildcard (*) and 'systemfunc' so that it concatenates (in a folder) 10
> files with each 6 x 180 x 360 dimensions (months x mlat x nlon). I then
> reshaped the 60 x 180 x 360  array so as to reflect the original file
> structure : 6 x 10 x 180 x 360 (months x member x mlat x nlon).
>
> This worked fine, however, if I check with
>
>  print(t2m_test2(4,0,0))
>  print(t2m_reshape(4,0,0,0))
>
> I do not get the same values (223 Kelvin vs. 221 Kelvin). Did I miss
> something here?
>
>
> thanks
> Anne
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